Francisco de Vitoria. Summa Sacramentorum Ecclesiae ex doctrina F. Francisci a Vitoria. Barcinone: In aedibus Claudii Bornatii, 1565.

Vitoria was a friar of the Dominican order and professor at Salamanca. He was a defender of the Indians in the New World and influenced Bartolome de Las Casas, the so called "apostle of the indians." The work on display treats the sacraments in general then the seven sacraments in particular followed by discussions on the power of the keys (papal authority) and excommunication. The passage shown discusses whether oil must be consecrated when used in a sacrament. Vitoria's statement that it is not necessary for the oil to be consecrated was expurgated and crossed out by the Inquisition.

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